Kidneys are not only responsible of removing body waste and excess fluids through urine production. They are involved in maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance and the producing hormones that regulate blood pressure.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the gradual loss of renal function through months or years. When the disease develops, kidney failure follows and this requires dialysis or kidney transplant to stay alive.
In Kuwait, death from kidney failure reached 128 cases, according to the latest WHO statistics which is equivalent to 2.95 % of total deaths. The age adjusted death rate is 17.4 per 100,000 of population.
Death from CKD comes seventh after death from coronary heart disease, stroke, pneumonia, diabetes, breast cancer and hypertension.
Two main reasons for CKD are Diabetes and high blood pressure which are responsible for two thirds of the cases worldwide. In Kuwait, almost one in every four people is diabetic and Diabetic glomeruloscelorsis (CKD caused by Diabetes) is responsible for 24 % of CKD cases in Kuwait. The first leading cause is glomerulonephritis, which is a group of diseases that result in the injury of the part of the kidneys that filters blood. Glomerulonephritis caused 32 % of the cases according to a study published in 2005.
With the surge in diabetes and the subsequent rise in CKD cases, centers for kidney transplant and dialysis in Kuwait are making more efforts to accommodate and treat all cases with the latest equipments available but this does not eliminate the need for more enforcement for the ways of prevention and early detection of CKD to reduce complications and improve the quality of life.