Movember, Men’s health

Hello Readers,

We are aware that it will be a long read, but  let’s put Men’s Health on our top priority for this month!

Enjoy the article,

prepared by

Jomana Hanna

Clinical Dietitian
keep calm

“November is the month dedicated to men’s health. It is the time to raise awareness for men’s health, especially prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men (after skin cancer), but it can often be treated successfully. One new case of prostate cancer occurs every 2.5 minutes, and a man dies from prostate cancer every 17 minutes. According to the latest WHO data published in May 2014 Prostate Cancer Deaths in Kuwait reached 58 or 1.10% of total deaths”.

Risk factors:

  • Age: Prostate cancer is very rare in men younger than 40, but the chance of having prostate cancer rises rapidly after age 50. About 6 in 10 cases of prostate cancer are found in men over the age of 65.
  • Family history: Having a father or brother with prostate cancer more than doubles a man’s risk of developing this disease.
  • Genome changes: Certain genes have been known to elevate prostate cancer risks, such as mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes which are the same genes responsible for increased risk of breast cancer in women.
  • High testosterone levels: Men who use testosterone therapy are more likely to develop prostate cancer, as an increase in testosterone stimulates the growth of the prostate gland.
  • Diet: choosing diets that are rich in saturated and trans fats is linked in some studies to higher risk of prostate cancer
  • Obesity: Some studies have found that obese men may be at greater risk for having more advanced prostate cancer and of dying from prostate cancer.
  • Smoking: Cadmium and cadmium compounds which are found in tobacco smoke are classified as probable causes of prostate cancer, based on limited evidence.
  • Workplace exposures: There is some evidence that firefighters are exposed to substances (toxic combustion products) that may increase their risk of prostate cancer.
  • Geography: Prostate cancer is most common in North America, north-western Europe, Australia, and on Caribbean islands. It is less common in Asia, Africa, Central America, and South America.

A healthy diet and regular physical activity are important for general health and can help you stay a healthy weight. This may be particularly important if you’ve been diagnosed with prostate cancer, as there is strong evidence that being overweight or obese increases the risk of getting prostate cancer that’s aggressive (more likely to spread) or advanced (cancer that has spread outside the prostate). A healthy lifestyle can also help manage many of the side effects of treatments for prostate cancer.

 

Links between nutrition and prostate cancer:

Being a healthy weight may help to lower the risk of advanced prostate cancer. Men who eat a lot of red meat or high-fat dairy products appear to have a slightly higher chance of getting prostate cancer. These men also tend to eat fewer fruits and vegetables.

Excess fat, especially the fat around the middle of the body, has been associated with an increased risk of many diseases, including prostate cancer, and particularly aggressive prostate cancer.

Calcium consumption: Some studies have suggested that men who consume a lot of calcium (through food or supplements) may have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer. Dairy foods (which are often high in calcium) might also increase risk (eating more than 2000mg of calcium per day (the amount in about 1.6 litres of milk)). But most studies have not found such a link with the levels of calcium found in the average diet.

Fat: eating lots of saturated fat might be linked with an increased risk of prostate cancer coming back after surgery (recurrent prostate cancer), and of advanced prostate cancer. And replacing animal fats with vegetable oils may help men with prostate cancer to live for longer.

Fruit and vegetables: Fruit and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet and a good source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. Eating lots of fruit and vegetables helps to reduce your risk of health problems, including prostate cancer. It can also help you lose weight or stay a healthy weight.

Diets high in certain vegetables (including tomatoes, cruciferous vegetables, soy, beans, and other legumes) or fish may be linked with a lower risk of prostate cancer, especially more advanced cancers. Examples of cruciferous vegetables include broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage.

Sugar: The more simple sugars you eat, the higher your insulin levels, and the more likely it is that your prostate cancer will grow.

 

Physical activity and prostate cancer:

Studies have found that men who get regular physical activity have a slightly lower risk of prostate cancer. Vigorous activity may have a greater effect, especially on the risk of advanced prostate cancer. 3 Hours of Vigorous Activity a Week Associated With a 61% Lower Risk of Prostate Cancer-Specific Death.

Physical activity can also help with some of the side effects of treatment and help you cope with feelings of anxiety or depression. Some research suggests that physical activity may help slow down the growth of prostate cancer.

 

 

References:
http://www.cancer.org/
http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/
http://prostatecanceruk.org/
http://www.webmd.com/
http://www.pcf.org/

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